31st President of the United States
Born: Aug 10, 1874
Died: Oct 20, 1964
Home State: Iowa
Terms Served: 1
Dates: 1929 – 1933
Political Affiliation: Republican
Occupation: Geologist, Engineer
Famous Quote: “Every generation has the right to build its own world out of the materials of the past, cemented by the hopes of the future.”
Herbert Hoover Trivia:
- Herbert Hoover was the first president born west of the Mississippi into a Quaker family in Iowa. He was orphaned at age 9 and lived with relatives in Oregon.
- Hoover was one on the first students to enroll at Stanford University where he excelled academically and graduated with a degree in geology.
- Over the following two decades, Herbert Hoover made his fortune as an international mining engineer, financier, and partner in a British mining consultancy.
- While living in London, he was drawn to public service by helping to evacuate American citizens out of Europe at the outbreak of WWI. As U.S. Food Administrator for the Democratic Wilson administration, he was responsible for ensuring the American troops were fed in Europe. His humanitarianism efforts also kept millions from starvation in Belgium, France, central Europe, and Russia.
- He served as Secretary of Commerce during the Harding and Coolidge administrations. He had warned President Coolidge in 1925 of the dangers of stock speculation.
- Largely due to the laissez faire policies of the previous administrations, the stock market crashed in October of 1929. Occurring just 8 months into his administration, Hoover had to abandon his plans to govern as a progressive Republican in the style of Theodore Roosevelt.
- Hoover created the Veterans Administration.
- President Hoover is one of only two presidents to donate his entire presidential salary. John Kennedy is the only other president to do so.
- Herbert Hoover was appointed by both Presidents Truman and Eisenhower to head commissions to reorganize the executive branch of the government.
- Throughout his life, he authored more than 40 books on a variety of subjects ranging from foreign policy to fishing techniques.