28th President of the United States
Born: Dec 28, 1856
Died: Feb 3, 1924
Home State: Geogia
Terms Served: 2
Dates: 1913 – 1921
Political Affiliation: Democrat
Occupation: Professor, University President, Governor
Famous Quote: “No man can sit down and withhold his hands from the warfare against wrong and get peace from his acquiescence.”
- Woodrow Wilson is the only president to hold a doctoral degree.
- During the Wilson administration, the congress ratified the 17th, 18th and 19th amendments to the constitution. The 17th Amendment provided for the direct popular election of U.S. Senators. The 18th amendment prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol. The 19th amendment provided women the right to vote.
- ‘Tommy’ Woodrow Wilson, could not read until age 11. It is now believed that he suffered from dyslexia.
- Woodrow Wilson was an avid sports fan. As a boy in the 1860s he played second base for the ‘Lightfoot Baseball Club’ which he helped to found. He was the first American President to attend the World Series and witnessed the major league debut of Babe Ruth.
- He won the presidential election in 1912 in a 3-way race between President Taft and former President Theodore Roosevelt. Being the son of of the south, and a son of a presbyterian minister he appealed to the southern electorate. While, as the governor or a northern state (New Jersey) and the former President of Princeton University, he appealed to northern voters. He won the election with 44% of the popular vote and an overwhelming majority of the electoral college.
- During World War I, sheep grazed on the White House lawn to help the Red Cross raise wool for the war effort.
- Wilson was the first President to personally deliver a State of the Union address.
- After World War I, he pushed for the establishment of the League of Nations, a precursor to the United Nations. Congress chose not to support the treaty and his efforts failed.
- Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt and Barack Obama are the only U.S. Presidents to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize while in office. Former president Jimmy Carter received the award in 2002.
- President Woodrow Wilson suffered a serious stroke on October 2nd, 1919. Information regarding the seriousness of his condition was largely hidden from the public. The president remained mostly in seclusion for the remainder of his second term.
Wilson: A Scot Berg
Congressional Government A Study in American Politics: Woodrow Wilson